I have been doing quite a bit of reading lately and the above notion intrigues me a lot. Don’t be overwhelmed by those sophisticated terms. They are merely the processes our brains go through in making decisions.
Essentially, a teleological approach in making a decision centres on the consequence(s) of the decision. You can call that a ‘result driven’ approach. The what-is-the-benefit-of-this will be ringing in your brain.
The teleological approach is then segregated into 2 different components.
The egoist teleological approach is the branch that focuses on the consequence(s) on the decision maker. You will only think about the consequence(s) to you, the benefits to you and you alone. No benefits to you, no go.
The other branch is the utilitarianist teleological approach where the focus of the consequence(s) is on everyone else, probably people affected by the decision. You will only make that decision if it benefits others. Kind of like a selfless approach, isn’t it?
The deontological approach in decision making is one that does not focus on the consequence(s), but the action of the decision itself. Result doesn’t matter, the focus is on the process, the focus is on the action of the decision. This approach too, is segregated into 2.
The first is the deontology with the “right” element. “Right” here represents ‘privilege’. Based on this, you will make a decision because you believe it is your God-given right to do it. How it affects you or the people around you does not matter.
The other side of the coin is the “justice” element. Here, a decision is made because it is the right (i.e. correct) thing to do, without considering whether there is any benefit. One may conclude that this is the noble approach.
And now, to paint a better picture (apology for using a guy’s perspective)…
If you sex a girl with a condom because you are afraid of infectious disease… you are an egoistic teleologist.
If you sex a girl with a condom because you are afraid you will make her pregnant… you are an utilitarianistic teleologist.
If you sex a girl, with or without condom, because you believe your very existence is to f__k around, you are a right-based deontologist.
If you sex a girl, with or without condom, because the girl is your wife/bf and she was there naked and asking you to do it and you feel it is the right thing to do, you are a justice-based deontologist.
Now… what are you? Tell me ok…
Off for a business trip… have a good week ahead.